Designed for Expo 2000 in Hannover, Germany, the Japanese Pavilion features a wavelike roof made with PVC and paper membranes supported by a cardboard-tube skeleton. Constructed to produce as little waste as possible once dismantled, the pavilion remains the largest paper structure ever built to date.
Proving cardboard can be a structurally sound building material, the Paper Bridge was constructed over the Gardon River in southern France in 2007. Erected for only six weeks, the bridge was made with cardboard tubes, recycled paper, and plastic steps, with a foundation of wood boxes filled with sand.
Located two hours outside Seoul, South Korea, the Haesley Nine Bridges Golf Clubhouse features a distinctive glass atrium with treelike timber columns that seamlessly integrate with the ceiling’s hexagonal wood grid. Completed in 2009, the clubhouse features separate spaces for regular members and VIPs.