New Zealand’s Cardboard Cathedral, built after the 2011 Christchurch earthquake destroyed the city’s namesake church, is a temporary A-frame structure made of steel, wood, polycarbonate, and interior beams of cardboard tubes. Its most recognizable feature, however, is the large-scale stained-glass window at its front featuring images from the original cathedral’s rose window.

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

An expat who survived the devastating 2011 earthquake describes how she is completely disorientated these days in a city that's changed forever

Shown here at a 2005 exhibition in New York’s Museum of Modern Art, the Paper Log House was originally created as a temporary shelter for victims of the 1995 earthquake in Kobe, Japan. The structure featured walls made with cardboard tubes stuffed with shredded paper insulation and a ceiling made with cardboard, fiberglass insulation, and plastic sheets.

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

Designed for Expo 2000 in Hannover, Germany, the Japanese Pavilion features a wavelike roof made with PVC and paper membranes supported by a cardboard-tube skeleton. Constructed to produce as little waste as possible once dismantled, the pavilion remains the largest paper structure ever built to date.

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

Designed for Expo 2000 in Hannover, Germany, the Japanese Pavilion features a wavelike roof made with PVC and paper membranes supported by a cardboard-tube skeleton. Constructed to produce as little waste as possible once dismantled, the pavilion remains the largest paper structure ever built to date.

Constructed on New York’s Pier 54 in 2005, the Nomadic Museum was a temporary building designed to showcase the large-scale photographs of artist Gregory Colbert in an exhibition called “Ashes and Snow.” Originally built using steel shipping containers and cardboard tubes, the museum was made with different materials as it moved to California, Tokyo, and Mexico City.

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

The undulating fiberglass roof of the Centre Pompidou-Metz in Metz, France, forms a large hexagon over the galleries and restaurant within.

Surrounded by a screen of woven wood, the Aspen Art Museum in Colorado was completed in 2014. The interior, enclosed by glass, features gallery space, a gift shop, a café, and a large glass elevator that goes up to the rooftop sculpture garden.

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

Shigeru Ban designed the Aspen Art Museum in Colorado, which is surrounded by a screen of woven wood.

Proving cardboard can be a structurally sound building material, the Paper Bridge was constructed over the Gardon River in southern France in 2007. Erected for only six weeks, the bridge was made with cardboard tubes, recycled paper, and plastic steps, with a foundation of wood boxes filled with sand.

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

Proving cardboard can be a structurally sound building material, the Paper Bridge was constructed over the Gardon River in southern France in 2007. Erected for only six weeks, the bridge was made with cardboard tubes, recycled paper, and plastic steps, with a foundation of wood boxes filled with sand.

Located two hours outside Seoul, South Korea, the Haesley Nine Bridges Golf Clubhouse features a distinctive glass atrium with treelike timber columns that seamlessly integrate with the ceiling’s hexagonal wood grid. Completed in 2009, the clubhouse features separate spaces for regular members and VIPs.

8 Mesmerizing Structures by Shigeru Ban

Located two hours outside Seoul, South Korea, the Haesley Nine Bridges Golf Clubhouse features a distinctive glass atrium with treelike timber columns that seamlessly integrate with the ceiling’s hexagonal wood grid. Completed in 2009, the clubhouse features separate spaces for regular members and VIPs.

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