Rita Levi-Montalcini A Jewish woman who attended medical school against her family's wishes, she set up a secret lab and did research while hiding from the Nazis. She later received the Nobel Prize for her work on NGF and EGF. A real woman of valor!
Martin Luther King, Jr 15 January 1929 - 4 April 1968 American clergyman, activist and lead of the civil rights movement. King was a strong proponent of nonviolent resistance/protest. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.